India And Bangladesh Land Boundary Agreement

[54] ”West Bengal govt to subsidize rice and wheat for the enclaves of North Bengal.” The Economic Times, December 23, 2016. economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/west-bengal-govt-to-subsidize-rice-and-wheat-for-those-in-enclaves-in-north-bengal/articleshow/56138899.cms. A. The key, I would say, lies in the question itself. The structure of government has greatly influenced (non-) infrastructure development or, in other words, the process of state-building in these enclaves. The central government is not the supreme authority on local affairs in India. On the other hand, Bangladesh is not a union and all decisions infiltrate from the centre to the local. Thus, the work of the state has been faster and relatively less complicated as these enclaves have fallen under the jurisdiction of the state in Bangladesh. In addition, many formal and informal measures have been taken by the Government of Bangladesh to involve its ”new citizens”. An example of the formal agreement could be a special and faster agreement to register land land land land landlocked by the country`s ministry. Informal agreements, on the other hand, range from oral instructions to prioritize the inhabitants of the enclave, from the higher authorities, to facilitating access to officials on the ground. [62] ”Did I go to India? Q The old enclaves. BBC Bangla, Calcutta, 1 August 2016. www.bbc.com/bengali/news/2016/08/160731_enclaves_disillusion_indian_side_on_anniversary_lba According to a popular legend, the enclaves were used centuries ago as stakes in card or chess games between two regional kings, the Raja of Koch Bihar and the Maharadja of Rangpur.

[3] As far as the historical archives are concerned, the small territories were apparently the result of a confused result of a contract between the kingdom of Koch Bihar and the Mughal Empire of 1713. Perhaps the kingdom and the moguls ended a war without setting a limit for the territories that had been won or lost. [15] [42]”In the stateless era, now landless. The Hindu, March 29, 2017. www.thehindu.com/news/national/stateless-then-landless-now/article17711716.ece. On June 6, 2015, Modi ratified the agreement during his visit to Dhaka, the capital, Bangladesh. In the presence of Modi and Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, the foreign ministers of both countries signed the land exchange instruments. [30] The exchange of enclaves and parcels of land in poor ownership and the delimitation of borders were carried out in phases between 31 July 2015 and 30 June 2016.